The Incan City of Machu Picchu is the most important tourist attraction, in the Department of Cusco, and in Peru. It was scientifically discovered, for the world, in 1911, by the American History Professor and explorer, Hiram Bingham.
This Incan city is considered as one of the world´s most extraordinary samples of landscape-integrated architecture, as well as of building and hydraulic engineering, for which it was elected among the Seven New Wonders of the Modern World.
Machu Picchu (Old Mountain, in Quechua) is situated on a mountain the structure of which is granite. Using ingenious techniques, the Incas managed to take advantage of natural rocks, to cut them into lithic blocks, as well as to polish and have them fit together, with astonishing precision.
It is rainy, during all summer months (November to March), and sunny, between May and September, although sudden rainfalls are common, all year long. Maximum temperatures reach 27º C, while minimum temps rarely drop below 11º C.
The small village of Aguas Calientes, recently rebaptized with the name of Machupicchu Pueblo, in 2014, is situated at the term of a 4–hour train trip, from the city of Cusco (Poroy – Ollantaytambo: 2 hours, by bus, and Ollantaytambo – Machupicchu Pueblo: 2 hours, by train), or of a 2–hour train trip, from the locality of Ollantaytambo, in the Sacred Valley of the Incas.